Physical health and mental wellbeing (Primary and secondary)
The aim of teaching pupils about physical health and mental wellbeing is to give them the information that they need to make good decisions about their own health and wellbeing. It should enable them to recognise what is normal and what is an issue in themselves and others and, when issues arise, know how to seek support as early as possible from appropriate sources.
Physical health and mental wellbeing are interlinked, and it is important that pupils understand that good physical health contributes to good mental wellbeing, and vice versa.
It is important for schools to promote pupils’ self-control and ability to self-regulate, and strategies for doing so. This will enable them to become confident in their ability to achieve well and persevere even when they encounter setbacks or when their goals are distant, and to respond calmly and rationally to setbacks and challenges. This integrated, whole-school approach to the teaching and promotion of health and wellbeing has a potential positive impact on behaviour and attainment.
Effective teaching should aim to reduce stigma attached to health issues, in particular those to do with mental wellbeing. Schools should engender an atmosphere that encourages openness. This will mean that pupils feel they can check their understanding and seek any necessary help and advice as they gain knowledge about how to promote good health and wellbeing.
Schools have flexibility to design and plan age-appropriate subject content, but this guidance sets out core areas for health and wellbeing that are appropriate for primary and secondary aged pupils.
Puberty including menstruation should be covered in Health Education and should, as far as possible, be addressed before onset. This should ensure male and female pupils are prepared for changes they and their peers will experience.
My Bodyboard offers a range of interactive products that can help teachers and health professionals to deliver informative, interactive and importantly fun lessons to all age groups and abilities.
The new statutory requirements for Physical health and mental wellbeing (Primary and secondary) (PSHE) cover issues such as:
• Mental well-being
• Internet safety & harms
• Physical health and fitness
• Healthy eating
• Drugs, alcohol and tobacco
• Health and prevention
• Basic first aid
• Changing adolescent body
Drugs, alcohol and tobacco
Pupils should know:
• the facts about legal and illegal drugs and their associated risks, including the link between drug use, and the associated risks, including the link to serious mental health conditions
• the law relating to the supply and possession of illegal substances
• the physical and psychological risks associated with alcohol consumption and what constitutes low risk alcohol consumption in adulthood
• the physical and psychological consequences of addiction, including alcohol dependency
• awareness of the dangers of drugs which are prescribed but still present serious health risks
• the facts about the harms from smoking tobacco (particularly the link to lung cancer), the benefits of quitting and how to access support to do so
Click here to check out our 'Dangers of Smoking' magnetic pack.
Click here to check out our 'Dangers of Alcohol' magnetic pack.
Social and Emotional Health
Pupils should know:
• how to talk about their emotions accurately and sensitively, using appropriate vocabulary
• that happiness is linked to being connected to others
• how to recognise the early signs of mental wellbeing concerns
• common types of mental ill health (e.g. anxiety and depression)
• how to critically evaluate when something they do or are involved in has a positive or negative effect on their own or others’ mental health
• the benefits and importance of physical exercise, time outdoors, community participation and voluntary and service-based activities on mental wellbeing and happiness.
Click here to check out our 'Emotional Health' magnetic pack.
Diet and Healthy Lifestyle Education
Pupils should know:
• about personal hygiene, germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread, treatment and prevention of infection, and about antibiotics
• about dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing, including healthy eating and regular check-ups at the dentist
• (late secondary) the benefits of regular self-examination and screening
• the facts and science relating to immunisation and vaccination
• the importance of sufficient good quality sleep for good health and how a lack of sleep can affect weight, mood and ability to learn
• how to maintain healthy eating and the links between a poor diet and health risks, including tooth decay and cancer.
Click here to check out our 'Food & Nutrition' magnetic pack.
Click here to check out our 'Eatwell Guide' magnetic pack.
For further information in regard PSHE we would advise you visiting the Department of Education Statutory guidance Physical health and mental wellbeing (Primary and secondary)